Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/2485
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dc.contributor.authorKhawaja, Anthonyen_US
dc.contributor.authorSabbagh, Patchinaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPiroux, Jacquesen_US
dc.contributor.authorZunquin, Gautieren_US
dc.contributor.authorBaquet, Georgesen_US
dc.contributor.authorMaalouf, Ghassanen_US
dc.contributor.authorHage, Zaher Elen_US
dc.contributor.authorAntoun, Amalen_US
dc.contributor.authorHage, Rawad Elen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-23T09:14:14Z-
dc.date.available2020-12-23T09:14:14Z-
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/2485-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between skeletal muscle index (SMI) and bone variables in a group of young adults. Three hundred and thirty-five young adults (129 men and 206 women) whose ages ranged from 18 to 35 yr voluntarily participated in this study. Weight and height were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Body composition, bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD), geometric indices of hip bone strength and trabecular bone score (TBS) were determined for each individual by Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Appendicular skeletal mass (ASM, in kg) was calculated by summing the muscle masses of the 4 limbs, assuming that all nonfat and nonebone mass is skeletal muscle. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was defined as ASM/height². In young men, SMI was positively correlated to WB BMC ( r = 0.63; p < 0.001), WB BMD ( r = 0.53; p < 0.001), L1-L4 BMC ( r = 0.33; p < 0.001), L1-L4 BMD ( r = 0.30; p < 0.001), L1-L4 TBS ( r = 0.26; p < 0.01), TH BMC ( r = 0.61; p < 0.001), TH BMD ( r = 0.46; p < 0.001), FN BMC ( r = 0.51; p < 0.001), FN BMD ( r = 0.46; p < 0.001), FN cross-sectional area (CSA) ( r = 0.56; p < 0.001), FN cross-sectional moment of inertia (CSMI) ( r = 0.52; p < 0.001) and FN section modulus (Z) ( r = 0.54; p < 0.001) but negatively correlated to FN strength index (SI) ( r = −0.24; p < 0.01). In young women, SMI was positively correlated to WB BMC ( r = 0.61; p < 0.001), WB BMD ( r = 0.60; p < 0.001), L1-L4 BMC ( r = 0.35; p < 0.001), L1-L4 BMD ( r = 0.33; p < 0.001), L1-L4 TBS ( r = 0.29; p < 0.001), TH BMC ( r = 0.61; p < 0.001), TH BMD ( r = 0.53; p < 0.001), FN BMC ( r = 0.45; p < 0.001), FN BMD ( r = 0.49; p < 0.001), FN CSA ( r = 0.60; p < 0.001), FN CSMI ( r = 0.52; p < 0.001), and FN Z ( r = 0.40; p < 0.001) but negatively correlated to FN SI ( r = −0.20; p < 0.01). The current study suggests that SMI is a positive determinant of bone mineral density and geometric indices of hip bone strength in young adults.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.titleThe relationships between skeletal muscle index and bone variables in a group of young adultsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Physical Educationen_US
dc.description.volume24en_US
dc.description.issue1en_US
dc.description.startpage78en_US
dc.description.endpage87en_US
dc.date.catalogued2020-06-09-
dc.description.statusPublisheden_US
dc.identifier.OlibID253080-
dc.identifier.openURLhttps://europepmc.org/article/med/30904275en_US
dc.relation.ispartoftextJournal of clinical densitometryen_US
dc.provenance.recordsourceOliben_US
crisitem.author.parentorgFaculty of Arts and Sciences-
Appears in Collections:Department of Physical Education
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