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Title: Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing gram-negative bacilli and emergence of mcr-1 colistin resistance gene in lebanese swine farms
Authors: Dandachi, Iman
Fayad, Elie
Bazzal, Bassel El
Daoud, Ziad
Rolain, Jena-Marc
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: ampC
Issue Date: 2019
Part of: Journal of microbial drug resistance
Volume: 25
Issue: 2
Livestock are considered reservoirs of multidrug-resistant organisms that can be transferred to humans through direct/indirect routes. Once transmitted, these organisms can be responsible for infections with therapeutic challenges. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum cephalosporin and colistin-resistant Gram-negative bacilli in Lebanese swine farms. In May 2017, 114 fecal samples were collected from swine farms in south Lebanon. Separate media supplemented with cefotaxime, ertapenem, and colistin were used for the screening of resistant organisms. Double-disk synergy test and ampC disk test were performed to detect extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and ampC producers, respectively. Detection of beta-lactamase and mcr genes was performed using real time PCR. Of 114 fecal samples, 76 showed growth on the medium with cefotaxime. In total, 111 strains were isolated with 94.5% being Escherichia coli. Phenotypic tests showed that 98, 6, and 7 strains were ESBL, ampC, and ESBL/ampC producers, respectively. CTX-M and CMY were the main beta-lactamase genes detected. On the medium with colistin, 19 samples showed growth. In total, 23 colistin-resistant E. coli strains harboring the mcr-1 gene were isolated. This is the first study in Lebanon determining multidrug resistance epidemiology in pigs. The prevalence of ESBLs is high and the emergence of colistin resistance is alarming.
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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