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Title: Precursors of preterm birth: comparison of three ethnic groups in the middle east and the united states
Authors: Badr, Lina Kurdahi
Abdallah, Bahia 
Mahmoud, Ahalam
Affiliations: Nursing Program 
Keywords: Ethnic variability
Preterm birth
Issue Date: 2005
Part of: Journal of obstetric gynecologic, & neonatal nursing
Volume: 34
Issue: 4
Start page: 444
End page: 452
To examine factors related to preterm birth in three ethnic groups and in three different countries. Design: Data were obtained on a convenience sample of 118 Lebanese mothers, 104 Egyptian mothers, 40 Mexican American mothers, and 32 White American mothers from Southern California. About half of each cohort had delivered a preterm newborn and half a full-term newborn. Mothers with premature or full-term newborns completed a questionnaire by interview. Analysis compared ethnic groups and preterm- versus full-term birth groups. Multiple logistic regression determined relatedness to outcome. Results: Descriptive factors differed among groups, but not for preterm versus full-term newborn groups. Significant factors for premature birth were vaginal infections, stress, smoking, drug use, and protein intake. Factors significantly related to preterm birth in the Middle-Eastern and American groups were almost identical: social support, stress, and exercise. Smoking was related only in the American group. Conclusions: These data suggest risk factors are similar across nations and ethnic groups. Prenatal counseling and programs should address these four issues.
DOI: 10.1177/0884217505276303
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Nursing Program

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