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Title: Infectious complications in kidney transplant : a Lebanese perspective
Authors: Abou-Jaoude, Maroun M.
Nawfal, N
Shaheen, J
Daoud, Ziad
Almawi, Wassim
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Immunosuppression
Subjects: Infection
Issue Date: 2010
Part of: Journal of experimental and clinical transplantation
Volume: 8
Issue: 2
Start page: 136
End page: 141
OBJECTIVES: Infections remain a frequent, potentially life-threatening complication of kidney transplant. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Between 1998 and 2006, we evaluated the incidence of infections in 114 kidney transplant patients, with a 1-year follow-up. All patients received a posttransplant anti-infectious prophylaxis regimen. Induction therapy was given to 94 patients (82.4%), and maintenance immunosuppression consisted of calcineurin inhibitor (cyclosporin microemulsion or tacrolimus), together with mycophenolate mofetil and prednisone. RESULTS: In total, 56 patients (49.1%) developed a total of 95 infections up to 1-year after kidney transplant, including 46 in-hospital infections in 38 patients. Bacterial infections were the most frequent (97.8%), and were mainly urinary, followed by drain, central line catheter, and pulmonary infections. The most-frequent isolated bacteria were E. coli, followed by Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, and Pseudomonas. No viral infections were detected. Up to 1 year after discharge from the hospital, 49 infections occurred in 26 patients, of which 79.5% were bacterial; mainly urinary tract infections due to E. coli, in addition to 7 cases of cytomegalovirus, 1 herpes, and 2 cases of fungal infections. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first Lebanese study that deals with posttransplant infections in kidney transplant patients and underscores the importance of close patient monitoring and follow-up. Comparison with international data shows similar patterns.
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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