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|Title:||Infectious complications in kidney transplant : a Lebanese perspective||Authors:||Abou-Jaoude, Maroun M.
|Affiliations:||Faculty of Medicine||Keywords:||Immunosuppression||Subjects:||Infection||Issue Date:||2010||Part of:||Journal of experimental and clinical transplantation||Volume:||8||Issue:||2||Start page:||136||End page:||141||Abstract:||
OBJECTIVES: Infections remain a frequent, potentially life-threatening complication of kidney transplant. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Between 1998 and 2006, we evaluated the incidence of infections in 114 kidney transplant patients, with a 1-year follow-up. All patients received a posttransplant anti-infectious prophylaxis regimen. Induction therapy was given to 94 patients (82.4%), and maintenance immunosuppression consisted of calcineurin inhibitor (cyclosporin microemulsion or tacrolimus), together with mycophenolate mofetil and prednisone. RESULTS: In total, 56 patients (49.1%) developed a total of 95 infections up to 1-year after kidney transplant, including 46 in-hospital infections in 38 patients. Bacterial infections were the most frequent (97.8%), and were mainly urinary, followed by drain, central line catheter, and pulmonary infections. The most-frequent isolated bacteria were E. coli, followed by Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, and Pseudomonas. No viral infections were detected. Up to 1 year after discharge from the hospital, 49 infections occurred in 26 patients, of which 79.5% were bacterial; mainly urinary tract infections due to E. coli, in addition to 7 cases of cytomegalovirus, 1 herpes, and 2 cases of fungal infections. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first Lebanese study that deals with posttransplant infections in kidney transplant patients and underscores the importance of close patient monitoring and follow-up. Comparison with international data shows similar patterns.
|URI:||https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/2130||Open URL:||Link to full text||Type:||Journal Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Medicine|
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