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Title: A compilation of antimicrobial susceptibility data from a network of 13 Lebanese hospitals reflecting the national situation during 2015-2016
Authors: Moghnieh, Rima A.
Araj, Georges
Awad, Lyn
Daoud, Ziad
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine 
Keywords: Antimicrobial susceptibility
Antimicrobial susceptibility testing
Subjects: Lebanon
Issue Date: 2019
Part of: Antimicrobial resistance & infection control
Volume: 8
Issue: 41
Start page: 1
End page: 17
Background: There is a lack of official national antimicrobial resistance (AMR) data in Lebanon. Individual hospitals generate their own antibiotic susceptibility data in the form of yearly pamphlets. Methods: In this study, antibiotic susceptibility data from 13 hospitals distributed across different governorates of Lebanon were collected to conduct a compilation-based surveillance of AMR in Lebanon for the years 2015–2016. The findings were compared with those of a previous nationwide study in this country conducted between 2011 and 2013 as well as with similar data obtained from the 2015 and 2016 European surveillance reports of AMR. To provide a clear presentation of the AMR situation, mean percent susceptibility of different antibiotic–microbe combinations was calculated. Results: During 2015–2016, the percent susceptibility of Enterobacteriaceae to third-generation cephalosporins and to carbapenems was 59 and 97%, respectively. Among Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp., carbapenem susceptibility reached 70 and 12%, respectively. Among Gram positive organisms, the percent susceptibility to methicillin in Staphylococcus aureus was 72%, that to vancomycin in Enterococcus spp. was 98% and that to penicillin in Streptococcus pneumoniae was 75%. Compared with results of 2011–2013, there was an overall trend of decreased susceptibility of bacteria to the tested antibiotics, with a variation of 5 to 10%. The antibiotic susceptibility data from Lebanon were found to be comparable with those from Eastern and South-eastern European countries. Conclusion: This study highlights the need to establish a robust national AMR surveillance system that enables data from Lebanon to be included in global AMR maps.
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine

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