Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/1743
Title: CO2 reforming of methane over NixMg6−xAl2 catalysts: Effect of lanthanum doping on catalytic activity and stability
Authors: Dahdah, Eliane
Abou Rached, Jihane
Aouad, Samer 
Gennequin, Cédric
Tidahy, Haingomalala Lucette
Estephane, Jane 
Aboukaïs, Antoine
Abi Aad, Edmond
Affiliations: Department of Chemistry 
Department of Chemical Engineering 
Keywords: Dry reforming
Nickel
Lanthanum
Hydrotalcite
Stability
Subjects: Catalysts
Issue Date: 2017
Part of: International journal of hydrogen energy
Volume: 42
Issue: 17
Start page: 12808
End page: 12817
Abstract: 
NixMg6−xAl2 and NixMg6−xAl1.8La0.2 (x = 2, 4 or 6) catalysts were prepared via a co-precipitation method and calcined under an air flow at 800 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results showed that the NixMg6−xAl1.8La0.2 catalysts contained different lanthanum oxide species after calcination. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) spectra demonstrated that the lanthanum doped catalysts adsorbed more CO2 compared to the lanthanum free solids. This improved basicity was verified in the CO2-TPD profiles. Temperature programmed reduction (TPR) analyses proved that the addition of lanthanum affected nickel species distribution in the catalysts and strengthened NiO-MgO interactions inside the solid matrix. The CO2 reforming of methane reaction (Ar/CO2/CH4:60/20/20; GHSV 60000 mL g−1 h−1) was carried out over the different catalysts in the temperature range of 600 °C–800 °C. Lanthanum addition improved the catalytic activity particularly by favoring the methane dry reforming reaction over all the other secondary reactions in addition to the creation of more basic sites that enhanced CO2 adsorption and contributed to the removal of carbon deposits. The most active lanthanum containing catalyst kept a constant catalytic performance for 14 h on stream despite the formation of carbon deposits. These carbon deposits can be removed under an oxidative atmosphere at moderate temperature due to the presence of lanthanum oxide species in the catalyst.
URI: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/1743
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.01.197
Ezproxy URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Chemistry

Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

33
checked on May 8, 2021

Google ScholarTM

Check

Dimensions Altmetric

Dimensions Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.