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|Title:||CO2 reforming of methane over NixMg6−xAl2 catalysts: Effect of lanthanum doping on catalytic activity and stability||Authors:||Dahdah, Eliane
Abou Rached, Jihane
Tidahy, Haingomalala Lucette
Abi Aad, Edmond
|Affiliations:||Department of Chemistry
Department of Chemical Engineering
|Subjects:||Catalysts||Issue Date:||2017||Part of:||International journal of hydrogen energy||Volume:||42||Issue:||17||Start page:||12808||End page:||12817||Abstract:||
NixMg6−xAl2 and NixMg6−xAl1.8La0.2 (x = 2, 4 or 6) catalysts were prepared via a co-precipitation method and calcined under an air flow at 800 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results showed that the NixMg6−xAl1.8La0.2 catalysts contained different lanthanum oxide species after calcination. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) spectra demonstrated that the lanthanum doped catalysts adsorbed more CO2 compared to the lanthanum free solids. This improved basicity was verified in the CO2-TPD profiles. Temperature programmed reduction (TPR) analyses proved that the addition of lanthanum affected nickel species distribution in the catalysts and strengthened NiO-MgO interactions inside the solid matrix. The CO2 reforming of methane reaction (Ar/CO2/CH4:60/20/20; GHSV 60000 mL g−1 h−1) was carried out over the different catalysts in the temperature range of 600 °C–800 °C. Lanthanum addition improved the catalytic activity particularly by favoring the methane dry reforming reaction over all the other secondary reactions in addition to the creation of more basic sites that enhanced CO2 adsorption and contributed to the removal of carbon deposits. The most active lanthanum containing catalyst kept a constant catalytic performance for 14 h on stream despite the formation of carbon deposits. These carbon deposits can be removed under an oxidative atmosphere at moderate temperature due to the presence of lanthanum oxide species in the catalyst.
|URI:||https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/1743||DOI:||10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.01.197||Ezproxy URL:||Link to full text||Type:||Journal Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Chemistry|
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