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dc.contributor.advisorJacob, Christopheen_US
dc.contributor.authorHassanieh, Monah Alen_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (p. 71-92)en_US
dc.description.abstractPurpose: This study examined differences between sport athlete types and groups in terms of physical, psychological, existential suffering, as well as mental toughness. Method: A sample of 146 participants reported data on mental toughness, physical suffering, physical distress, psychological suffering, existential suffering, current and maximum training hours per week, practice of sport in years, gender, and age. Results: There was a significant negative correlation between mental toughness and the suffering scales. Furthermore, sport type as opposed to sport group is a predictor of mental toughness, where participation in sport and being physically active promotes mental toughness, with martial artists scoring higher than other sport types. There is no difference between sport types or groups with regards to physical suffering or physical distress. In addition, psychological suffering is more associated with individuals who are physically active yet do not participate in sports. Existential suffering was found to be more common in both Basketball and Football, emphasizing the inability to feel peace in the former and viewing life as a failure in the latter. Finally, there were no differences in all variables with regards to gender. Conclusion: Findings are discussed on an athletic individual and team level, where implications and recommendations for current and aspirant athletes, coaches, as well as future researchers are given based on current research limitations.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Monah al Hassaniehen_US
dc.format.extent1 online resource (ix, 95 pages) : ill., tablesen_US
dc.rightsThis object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the personal and educational use exceptions must be obtained from the copyright holderen_US
dc.subjectMental toughness, Suffering, Sport, Athlete, Existentialen_US
dc.subject.lcshAthletes--Mental healthen_US
dc.subject.lcshSports--Psychological aspectsen_US
dc.subject.lcshDissertations, Academicen_US
dc.subject.lcshUniversity of Balamand--Dissertationsen_US
dc.titleDifferences in suffering perception and mental toughness among different Lebanese groups : martial arts, running, football, basketball, volleyball, sedentary, and active peopleen_US
dc.contributor.corporateUniversity of Balamanden_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Psychologyen_US
dc.contributor.facultyFaculty of Arts and Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Balamanden_US
dc.description.degreeMA in Clinical Psychologyen_US
dc.rights.accessrightsThis item is under embargo until end of year 2025.en_US
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