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Title: Religious Communities and Tribal Culture in Ottoman Transjordan. The Overlap of two Different Cultural Horizons
Other Titles: الطوائف المذهبية والثقافة القبلية في الأردن زمن العثمانيين: تداخل آفاق ثقافتين مختلفتين
Les communautés religieuses et la culture tribale en Jordanie à l’époque ottomane : le chevauchement de deux horizons culturels différents
Authors: Maggiolini, Paolo
Keywords: Religious Communities
Ottoman Transjordan
Tribal Culture
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: University of Balamand
Part of: Chronos
Issue: 26
Start page: 39
End page: 52
The prolonged absence of a central authority, combined with the particular
topography of the land of Transjordan, which is characterized by important
differences in term of climate conditions and the distribution of natural
resources, produced over the centuries distinct political-social spaces and
a religious sense far from the orthodoxy of the great cities of the Ottoman
Empire (Rogan 2002: 23, 24). The preponderance of the desert isolated
Transjordan, encouraging the consolidation of a common popular culture
rooted in the institution of the tribe, its customs and habits (Médebielle 1987:
176, Chatelard 2001: 14, Rogan 2002: 36). Transjordan was part of those
territories within the Near East which were only nominally subjected to the
Ottoman authority, dominated by powerful tribal confederations that clashed
repeatedly to impose their power (Norman 1988: 3-8, Ze'evi 1996: 105- 108).
Far from the main trade routes and with no permanent settlement of any
importance, Istanbul accepted this situation, delegating to the most powerful
tribes the control of this land and the guarantee of the Hajj throughout
Transjordan (Abujaber 1998: 28).
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Chronos

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