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Title: A new insight into modelling the behaviour of unsaturated soils
Authors: Arairo, Wahib 
Prunier, F.
Djéran-Maigre, I.
Darve, F.
Affiliations: Department of Civil Engineering and Construction 
Keywords: Elastoplastic behaviour
Unsaturated soil
Water retention curve
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Wiley Online Library
Part of: Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geometrics
Volume: 37
Issue: 16
Start page: 2629
End page: 2654
Understanding the response of partially saturated soils under different loads is important for the design and construction of economical and safe geotechnical engineering structures. This paper presents a coupled elastoplastic constitutive model for predicting the hydraulic and stress-strain-strength behaviour of unsaturated soils. The model proposed is built according to the following principle. A constitutive relation is given for each phase (solid, liquid and gas) and coupling relations between each phases are also derived. In the present case, we assume that each phase is not miscible and that pressure in voids not filled by water remains more or less constant, which is reasonable for most geotechnical problems. Therefore, the model is written in a classical manner with a non associated elastoplastic model for the granular skeleton behaviour;an incompressible liquid phase;a water retention description; andan assumption of the existence of an effective stress concept defined by Bishop. According to the strong hypotheses made earlier about the fluid phases, the perfect gas law is not written for the gas phase. Therefore, the gas volume is defined as being the same as the void volume not filled by water. The main originality of this work is in the description of the water retention behaviour and in that of the coupling parameter using the Bishop relationship. A discussion on this parameter and the description of the so called loading-collapse phenomenon are provided. We demonstrate that this paradox can beexplained without introducing suction in the expression of the plastic yield surface. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN: 03639061 10969853
DOI: 10.1002/nag.2151
Open URL: Link to full text
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Civil Engineering and Construction

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