Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5846
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dc.contributor.authorKoenen, K Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorRatanatharathorn, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, Len_US
dc.contributor.authorMcLaughlin, K Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorBromet, E Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorStein, D Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorKaram, Elie G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMeron Ruscio, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorBenjet, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorScott, Ken_US
dc.contributor.authorAtwoli, Len_US
dc.contributor.authorPetukhova, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorLim, C C Wen_US
dc.contributor.authorAguilar-Gaxiola, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorAl-Hamzawi, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorAlonso, Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorBunting, Ben_US
dc.contributor.authorCiutan, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorde Girolamo, Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorDegenhardt, Len_US
dc.contributor.authorGureje, Oen_US
dc.contributor.authorHaro, J Men_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorKawakami, Nen_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorNavarro-Mateu, Fen_US
dc.contributor.authorPennell, B-Een_US
dc.contributor.authorPiazza, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorSampson, Nen_US
dc.contributor.authorTen Have, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorTorres, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorViana, M Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorXavier, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorKessler, R Cen_US
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-29T09:56:08Z-
dc.date.available2022-06-29T09:56:08Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifier.issn00332917-
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarhub.balamand.edu.lb/handle/uob/5846-
dc.description.abstractBackground Traumatic events are common globally; however, comprehensive population-based cross-national data on the epidemiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the paradigmatic trauma-related mental disorder, are lacking. Methods Data were analyzed from 26 population surveys in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. A total of 71 083 respondents ages 18+ participated. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed exposure to traumatic events as well as 30-day, 12-month, and lifetime PTSD. Respondents were also assessed for treatment in the 12 months preceding the survey. Age of onset distributions were examined by country income level. Associations of PTSD were examined with country income, world region, and respondent demographics. Results The cross-national lifetime prevalence of PTSD was 3.9% in the total sample and 5.6% among the trauma exposed. Half of respondents with PTSD reported persistent symptoms. Treatment seeking in high-income countries (53.5%) was roughly double that in low-lower middle income (22.8%) and upper-middle income (28.7%) countries. Social disadvantage, including younger age, female sex, being unmarried, being less educated, having lower household income, and being unemployed, was associated with increased risk of lifetime PTSD among the trauma exposed. Conclusions PTSD is prevalent cross-nationally, with half of all global cases being persistent. Only half of those with severe PTSD report receiving any treatment and only a minority receive specialty mental health care. Striking disparities in PTSD treatment exist by country income level. Increasing access to effective treatment, especially in low- and middle-income countries, remains critical for reducing the population burden of PTSD.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.subjectEpidemiologyen_US
dc.subjectInternationalen_US
dc.subjectPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)en_US
dc.subjectTraumaen_US
dc.subjectTreatmenten_US
dc.titlePosttraumatic stress disorder in the World Mental Health Surveysen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033291717000708-
dc.identifier.pmid28385165-
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85017465989-
dc.identifier.urlhttps://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/85017465989-
dc.contributor.affiliationFaculty of Medicineen_US
dc.description.volume47en_US
dc.description.issue13en_US
dc.description.startpage2260en_US
dc.description.endpage2274en_US
dc.date.catalogued2022-06-29-
dc.description.statusPublisheden_US
dc.identifier.openURLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC60345en_US
dc.relation.ispartoftextPsychological Medicineen_US
dc.description.campusSGH campusen_US
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine
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