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dc.contributor.authorMoghnieh, Rimaen_US
dc.contributor.authorKhalil, Ahmaden_US
dc.contributor.authorBizri, Nazihen_US
dc.contributor.authorFrancis, Nadineen_US
dc.contributor.authorImad, Sabineen_US
dc.contributor.authorMezher, Mariaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMrad, Zahraaen_US
dc.contributor.authorIbrahim, Jaden_US
dc.contributor.authorZahran, Kamalen_US
dc.contributor.authorFarroukh, Farahen_US
dc.contributor.authorItani, Malaken_US
dc.contributor.authorAssaad, Amanien_US
dc.contributor.authorSinno, Loubnaen_US
dc.contributor.authorAbdallah, Daniaen_US
dc.contributor.authorIbrahim, Ahmaden_US
dc.description.abstractBackground QTc interval prolongation has been reported when combining fluoroquinolones and triazoles for chemoprophylaxis in cancer patients. Herein, we aimed to identify the prevalence and contributing factors to QTc prolongation in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients who received these agents during the neutropenic phase. Methods This is a retrospective medical chart review conducted at a university hospital in Lebanon from 2017 to 2020. It included all adult HCT inpatients on antimicrobial prophylaxis with fluoroquinolones and triazoles and whose baseline ECG monitoring done prior to chemoprophylaxis administration, then on day-3 and day-6 of therapy, were available. Results Overall, 68 HCT recipients met our inclusion criteria, of which 22% developed QTc prolongation. Based on bivariate analysis, female gender contributed to QTc prolongation (P = 0.001). There was a trend to QTc prolongation in patients with predisposing thyroid disease (P = 0.12), grade 2 vomiting and diarrhea (P = 0.16, P = 0.46, respectively), baseline hypokalemia (P = 0.18) and hypocalcemia (P = 0.3), hypomagnesemia on day-3 (P = 0.21) and day-6 hyponatremia (P = 0.36). Patients receiving two or more drugs with a known or probable risk of QTc prolongation (other than the fluoroquinolone/ triazole combination) were more prone to experience a prolonged QTc interval (P = 0.09). None of the patients that had QTc prolongation died or developed serious arrhythmias. Conclusion The prevalence of QTc prolongation was 22% among HCT recipients on fluoroquinolone and triazole prophylaxis, yet we did not identify any independent risk factors for this issue. None of the patients that had QTc interval prolongation died or developed serious arrhythmias.en_US
dc.subjectHematopoietic cell transplantationen_US
dc.subjectQTc prolongationen_US
dc.titleQTc prolongation during levofloxacin and triazole combination chemoprophylaxis: Prevalence and predisposing risk factors in a cohort of hematopoietic cell transplantation recipientsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationFaculty of Medicineen_US
dc.relation.ispartoftextJournal of Oncology Pharmacy Practiceen_US
dc.description.campusSGH campusen_US
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine
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