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dc.contributor.advisorEstephane, Janeen_US
dc.contributor.authorDaccache, Vanessaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMalek, Mikeen_US
dc.contributor.authorNassar, Fadyen_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (p.48-53).en_US
dc.descriptionSupervised by Dr. Jane Estephane.en_US
dc.description.abstractWith growing environmental awareness about the negative impacts created by excessive usage of fossil fuels, global interest in finding clean and renewable sources of energy has grown strongly in the last few decades. Biodiesel, obtained from vegetable oils or animal fats, is gaining significant attention as an alternative energy source that can replace petroleum-derived diesel. The development of various heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production is growing today to overcome the problems associated with the homogeneous catalysts. The use of Nickel supported on NaY zeolite was tested as an heterogeneous catalyst for biodiesel production. Different samples with different Nickel loadings (5, 10 and 15 wt%) were prepared by impregnation & 2 solvent methods. The catalysts were characterized by a number of techniques, such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Temperature programmed reduction (TPR) & Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The transesterification experiments have shown that using atmospheric pressure (reflux) apparatus at 60°C, a reaction time of 4 to 24 hours, and a methanol to oil ratio varying from 9:1 to 40:1 resulted in zero to < 1% biodiesel yield. However, Ni/NaY catalyst was tested for the dry reforming of methane and good results were achieved.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityBy Vanessa Daccache, Mike Malek, Fady Nassaren_US
dc.format.extentviii, 53 p. :ill., tables ;30 cmen_US
dc.rightsThis object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the personal and educational use exceptions must be obtained from the copyright holderen_US
dc.titleZeolites as heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel productionen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Chemical Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.facultyFaculty of Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Balamanden_US
dc.description.degreeMS in Chemical Engineeringen_US
Appears in Collections:UOB Theses and Projects
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