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dc.contributor.authorChamoun, Kamalen_US
dc.contributor.authorFarah, Mayaen_US
dc.contributor.authorAraj, Georgesen_US
dc.contributor.authorDaoud, Ziaden_US
dc.contributor.authorMoghnieh, Rima A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSalameh, Pascaleen_US
dc.contributor.authorSaade, Danielleen_US
dc.contributor.authorMokhbat, Jacquesen_US
dc.contributor.authorAbboud, Emmeen_US
dc.contributor.authorHamze, Monzeren_US
dc.contributor.authorAbboud, Edmonden_US
dc.contributor.authorJisr, Tamima Elen_US
dc.contributor.authorHaddad, Antoineen_US
dc.contributor.authorFeghali, Ritaen_US
dc.contributor.authorAzar, Nadimen_US
dc.contributor.authorZaatari, Mohammad Elen_US
dc.contributor.authorChedid, Marwanen_US
dc.contributor.authorHaddad, Christianen_US
dc.contributor.authorNehme, Mireille Zouain Diben_US
dc.contributor.authorBarakat, Angeliqueen_US
dc.contributor.authorHusni, Rolaen_US
dc.description.abstractAntimicrobial resistance is closely linked to antimicrobial use and is a growing concern worldwide. Antimicrobial resistance increases healthcare costs substantially in many countries, including Lebanon. National data from Lebanon have, in the most part, been limited to a few academic hospitals. The Lebanese Society of Infectious Diseases conducted a retrospective study to better describe the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial isolates in Lebanon. Data were based on records retrieved from the bacteriology laboratories of 16 different Lebanese hospitals between January 2011 and December 2013. The susceptibility results of a total 20 684 Gram-positive and 55 594 Gram-negative bacteria were analyzed. The prevalence rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was 27.6% and of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp was 1%. Streptococcus pneumoniae had susceptibilities of 46% to oxacillin, 63% to erythromycin, and 98% to levofloxacin. Streptococcus pyogenes had susceptibilities of 94% to erythromycin and 95% to clindamycin. The mean ampicillin susceptibility of Haemophilus influenzae, Salmonella spp, and Shigella spp isolates was 79%, 81.3%, and 62.2%, respectively. The extended-spectrum beta-lactamase production rate for Escherichia coli was 32.3% and for Klebsiella spp was 29.2%. Acinetobacter spp showed high resistance to most antimicrobials, with low resistance to colistin (17.1%). Pseudomonas spp susceptibilities to piperacillin–tazobactam and imipenem were lower than 80% (79.7% and 72.8%, respectively). This study provides population-specific data that are valuable in guiding antimicrobial use in Lebanon and neighbouring countries and will help in the establishment of a surveillance system for antimicrobial resistance following the implementation of a nationwide standardization of laboratory methods and data entry.en_US
dc.format.extent7 p.en_US
dc.subjectGram-positive bacteriaen_US
dc.subject.lcshGram negative bacteriaen_US
dc.titleSurveillance of antimicrobial resistance in Lebanese hospitals : retrospective nationwide compiled dataen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationFaculty of Medicineen_US
dc.relation.ispartoftextInternational journal of infectious diseasesen_US
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine
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