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dc.contributor.authorGerges, Perlaen_US
dc.contributor.authorBitar, Taniaen_US
dc.contributor.authorHawat, Mirnaen_US
dc.contributor.authorAlameddine, Abbasen_US
dc.contributor.authorSoufia, Michelen_US
dc.contributor.authorAndres, Christian R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHleihel, Waliden_US
dc.description.abstractAutism spectrum disorders (ASD) are among the most common childhood neurodevelopmental disorders. Identification of risk and protective factors are necessary to improve the guidance of prevention and intervention strategies. Our study aims to determine the potential risk and protective factors in ASD in the Lebanese population. Our case-control study included 100 ASD patients and 100 healthy matched controls recruited from all the Lebanese districts. The data collected from the questionnaires was analyzed using SPSS 23.0. Independent Student T-test and Chi-Square test were carried out for the bivariate analysis of the data. In addition, the variables revealing a p-value < 0.05 were used for the multivariate logistic regression analysis. Multivitamins intake, especially omega 3 and vitamin B (Odds Ratio (OR) = 0.257; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) [0.115-0.579]), rich cereal diet (OR = 0.212; 95% CI [0.089-0.510]), and supplementation in iron during pregnancy (OR = 0.229; 95% CI [0.083-0.627]) were identified as protective factors against ASD. On the other hand, stress during pregnancy (OR = 6.339; 95% CI [2.845-14.125]), the presence of ASD patients in the family (OR = 7.878; 95% CI [1.877-33.065]) and the presence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients in the family (OR = 6.981; 95% CI [1.362-35.789]) were associated with ASD. This study shed light on risk and protective factors associated with ASD in the Lebanese population. Further rigorous research, taking into consideration these factors, is needed to assist in early detection, prevention and subsequent intervention targeting ASD and its associated comorbidities, given that our study is not experimental and does not prove causality.en_US
dc.format.extent8 p.en_US
dc.subjectAttention deficit disorderen_US
dc.subjectProtective factorsen_US
dc.subject.lcshAutism spectrum disordersen_US
dc.subject.lcshRisk Factorsen_US
dc.titleRisk and Protective Factors in Autism Spectrum Disordersen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Psychologyen_US
dc.relation.ispartoftextInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_US
dc.provenance.recordsourceOliben_US of Arts and Sciences-
Appears in Collections:Department of Psychology
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