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dc.contributor.authorNader, Manalen_US
dc.contributor.authorAbi Salloum, Bachiren_US
dc.contributor.authorKaram, Nadimen_US
dc.description.abstractIn close coordination and collaboration with the Lebanese Environment and Development Observatory at the Ministry of Environment, the Faculty of Health Science at the University of Balamand developed an action plan to "establish a decentralized environment and sustainable development monitoring network through local authorities using agreed upon environment and development indicators". This effort was part of a pilot regional project involving six Mediterranean countries with funds provided by the Ministry of Environment, Greece through the University of Athens to establish a "Mediterranean Environmental Reporting, Monitoring and Information System" for Mediterranean countries. According to a well-defined selection process, a total of 44 municipalities out of more than 700 municipalities belonging to three unions representing three different regions in Lebanon qualified for inclusion in the project with 17 choosing to participate in MED-ERMIS-Lebanon. Meetings with concerned public officials at all levels were then held to ensure the support of all relevant governmental institutions and therefore the success of the project. Applying a participatory approach, local government officers and representatives from concerned ministries, universities, research centers and non-governmental organizations were invited to attend the different workshops at the municipality level to produce the appropriate lists of indicators. A total of 110 indicators were generated and grouped into four major categories adopted by the national indicator system: (1) population and socio-economics; (2) economic activities; (3) environment; and (4) sustainable development activities and policies. "Indicator data sheets", a "door-to-door questionnaire" and a "municipality archive survey" were developed for data compilation, calculation, and presentation; and a total of 6250 surveys were filled (≈20%). Field surveying was carried out by trained teams using the "Multistage Cluster Systematic Random S.en_US
dc.format.extent7 p.en_US
dc.subjectEnvironment and sustainable development indicatorsen_US
dc.subjectLocal levelen_US
dc.titleEnvironment and sustainable development indicators in Lebanon : A practical municipal level approachen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Environmenten_US
dc.relation.ispartoftextEcological indicatorsen_US
Appears in Collections:Institute of Environment
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