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Title: Anthropometric predictors of geometric indices of hip bone strength in a group of lebanese postmenopausal women
Authors: Hage, Rawad El 
Baddoura, Rafic
Affiliations: Department of Physical Education 
Keywords: Body mass index
Body weight
Elderly women
Hip geometry
Subjects: Osteoporosis
Issue Date: 2012
Part of: Journal of clinical densitometry
Volume: 15
Issue: 2
Start page: 191
End page: 197
The effects of anthropometric characteristics on hip bone strength in postmenopausal women are not completely elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of anthropometric characteristics on geometric indices of hip bone strength using the hip structure analysis (HSA) program in a group of Lebanese postmenopausal women. This study included 109 postmenopausal women (aged 64–84 yr). Age and years since menopause were recorded. Body composition and bone mineral density were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). To evaluate hip bone strength, DXA scans were analyzed at the femoral neck (FN), the intertrochanteric (IT), and the femoral shaft (FS) by the HSA program. Cross-sectional area (CSA), an index of axial compression strength, section modulus (Z), an index of bending strength, and buckling ratio (BR), an estimate of cortical stability in buckling, were measured from bone mass profiles. Using univariate analysis, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), lean mass, and fat mass were positively correlated to CSA and Z of the FN, IT, and FS. Weight, BMI, fat mass, and fat mass percentage were negatively correlated to BR of the FN, IT, and FS. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that lean mass was a stronger determinant of FN CSA, FN Z, IT Z, and FS Z than fat mass, whereas fat mass was a stronger determinant of IT CSA, FS CSA, IT BR, and FS BR than lean mass. This study suggests that, in postmenopausal women, fat mass is a strong predictor of hip axial compression strength and cortical stability in buckling, and lean mass is a strong predictor of hip bending strength.
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Department of Physical Education

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